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Hazard Area Reporting Service

Introduction:

  • Selected FSSs provide flight monitoring where regularly traveled VFR routes cross large bodies of water, swamps, and mountains
  • The purpose of this service is to provide expeditious alerting of Search and Rescue (SAR) facilities when required
  • The service may be requested either in person, by telephone or by radio
  • When requested pilots should be prepared to give the following:
    • Type of aircraft
    • Altitude
    • Indicated airspeed
    • Present position
    • Route of flight
    • Heading
  • Radio contacts are desired at least every 10 minutes, if contact is lost for more than 15 minutes, SAR will be alerted
  • Pilots are required to cancel when out of the service area boundary Figure 1
    • Pilots experiencing two-way radio failure are expected to land as soon as practicable and cancel their request for the service
Aeronautical Information Manual, Hazardous Area Reporting Service
Figure 1: Hazardous Area Reporting Service

Long Island Reporting Service:

  • New York and Bridgeport FSS Radio Sectors provide services for transversing the Long Island Sound
  • Request "Sound Reporting Service" and be prepared to give the following information:
    • Type and color of aircraft
    • Specific route and altitude across the sound including the shore crossing point
    • The over-water crossing time
    • Number of persons on board
    • True airspeed
  • Radio contacts are desired at least every 10 minutes; however, for flights of shorter duration a midsound report is requested

  • Communications:
    • Primary communications transmit on 122.1 MHz and listen on any of the following VOR frequencies:
      • New York FSS Radio Sector Controls:
        • Hampton RCO (FSS transmits and receives on 122.6 MHz)
        • Calverton VOR (FSS transmits on 117.2 MHz and receives on standard FSS frequencies)
        • Kennedy VORTAC (FSS transmits on 115.9 and receives on 122.1 MHz)
      • Bridgeport FSS Radio Sector Controls:
        • Madison VORTAC (FSS transmits on 110.4 and receives on 122.1 MHz)
        • Groton VOR (FSS transmits on 110.85 and receives on 122.1 MHz)
        • Bridgeport VOR (FSS transmits on 108.8 and receives on 122.1 MHz)

Block Island Reporting Service:

  • Within the Long Island Sound Reporting Service, the New York FSS Radio Sector also provides an additional service for aircraft operating between Montauk Point and Block Island
  • Request "Block Island Reporting Service" and be prepared to give the following information:
    • Type and color of aircraft
    • Specific route and altitude across the sound including the shore crossing point
    • The over-water crossing time
    • Number of persons on board
    • True airspeed
  • A minimum of 3 position reports are required:
    • Leaving either Montauk Point or Block Island
    • Midway report
    • Reporting when over either Montauk Point or Block Island (At this time, the over-water service is canceled)

  • Communications:
    • Pilots are advised to transmit and receive on 122.6 MHz (Hampton RCO)
    • Flights proceeding beyond block island may contact Bridgeport FSS Radio Sector by transmitting on 122.1 MHz and listening on Groton VOR on 110.85 MHz

Cape Cod and Island Radar Over-water Flight Following:

  • In addition to normal VFR radar advisory services, traffic permitting, Cape Approach Control provides a radar overwater flight following service for aircraft traversing the Cape Cod and adjacent Island area
  • Pilots desiring this service may contact Cape TRACON on 118.2 MHz
  • For the best radar coverage, pilots are encouraged to fly at 1,500' MSL or above
  • Pilots requesting this service should be prepared to give the following:
    • Type and color of aircraft
    • Altitude
    • Position and heading
    • Route of flight
    • True airspeed

Lake Reporting Service:

  • Cleveland and Lansing FSS Radio Sector provide Lake Reporting Service on request for aircraft traversing the western half of Lake Erie; Green Bay, Kankakee, Lansing, and Terre Haute FSS Radio Sectors on request for aircraft traversing Lake Michigan
  • Request "Lake Reporting Service"
  • Pilots not on a VFR flight plan should be prepared to provide all information normally on a VFR flight plan
  • Pilots on a VFR flight plan should prepare to provide the following:
    • Aircraft or flight identification
    • Type of aircraft
    • Near-shore crossing point or last fix before crossing
    • Proposed time over near-shore crossing point or last fix before crossing
    • Proposed altitude
    • Proposed route of flight
    • Estimated time over water
    • Next landing point
    • FSS having complete VFR flight plan information
  • The estimated time for crossing the far shore will be the scheduled reporting time for aircraft that fly at an altitude that does not afford continuous communication coverage while crossing the lake however if within 5 minutes no report is heard, SAR is initiated
  • If radio contact is not established within 5 minutes of that time, SAR will be alerted

  • Communications:
    • Cleveland FSS Radio Sector Controls:
      • Cleveland RCO (FSS transmits and receives on 122.35 or 122.55 MHz)
      • Sandusky VOR (FSS transmits on 109.2 and receives on 122.1 MHz)
    • Green Bay FSS Radio Sector Controls:
      • Escanaba VORTAC (FSS transmits on 110.8 and receives on 112.1 MHz)
      • Green Bay RCO (FSS transmits and receives on 122.55 MHz)
      • Manistique RCO (FSS transmits and receives on 122.25 MHz)
      • Manitowoc VOR (FSS transmits on 111.0 and receives on 122.1 MHz)
      • Menominee VOR (FSS transmits on 109.6 and receives on 122.1 MHz)
      • Milwaukee RCO (FSS transmits and receives on 122.65 MHz)
      • Falls VOR (FSS transmits on 110.0 and receives on 122.1 MHz)
    • Kankakee FSS Radio Sector Controls:
      • Chicago Heights VORTAC (FSS transmits on 114.2 and receives on 122.1 MHz)
      • Meigs RCO (FSS transmits and receives on 122.15 MHz)
      • Waukegan RCO (FSS transmits and receives on 122.55 MHz)
    • Lansing FSS Radio Sector Controls:
      • Lake Erie:
        • Detroit RCO (FSS transmits and receives on 122.55 MHz)
      • Lake Michigan:
        • Keeler VORTAC (FSS transmits on 116.6 and receives on 122.1 MHz)
        • Ludington RCO (FSS transmits and receives on 122.45 MHz)
        • Manistee VORTAC (FSS transmits on 111.4 and receives on 122.1 MHz)
        • Muskegon RCO (FSS transmits and receives on 122.5 MHz)
        • Pellston RCO (FSS transmits and receives on 122.3 MHz)
        • Pullman VORTAC (FSS transmits on 112.1 and receives on 122.1 MHz)
        • Traverse City RCO (FSS transmits and receives on 122.65 MHz)
    • Terre Haute FSS Radio Sector Controls:
      • Southbend RCO (FSS transmits and receives on 122.65 MHz)

Everglades Reporting Service:

  • The Everglades Reporting Service, or ERS, is offered by the Miami Automated International Flight Service Station (MIA AIFSS)
  • The service is provided for aircraft crossing the Florida Everglades, between Lee County (Ft. Myers, FL) VORTAC (RSW) on the northwest side, and Dolphin (MIAMI, FL) VOR (DHP) on the southeast side [Figure 2]
  • Request "Everglades Reporting Service" from Miami AIFSS on 122.2, 122.3, or 122.65
    • Pilot must file a VFR flight plan with the remark: ERS
    • The pilot must maintain 2000' due to the wildlife/recreational areas
    • The pilot must notify Miami MIA AIFSS when the flight plan is canceled or the service is suspended

Everglade Reporting Service Area
Figure 2: Everglade Reporting Service Area

Conclusion:

  • Various reporting services are available to pilots who seek them out

References: