Charted Visual Flight Procedure


  • Charted Visual Flight Procedures (CVFP) are established for environmental/noise considerations and/or when necessary for the safety and efficiency of air traffic operations [Figure 1]
    • Designed primarily for turbojet aircraft
    • Depict prominent landmarks, courses, and recommended altitudes to specific runways
  • Most charts depict some Navigational Aid (NAVAID) information for supplemental navigation guidance, beginning within 20 Nautical Miles (NM) from the airport
  • This is not an instrument approach and does not have a Missed Approach Point (MAP)
  • Unless indicating a class Bravo airspace floor all depicted altitudes are for noise abatement purposes and recommended only
    • Pilots are not prohibited from flying other than recommended altitudes if operational requirements dictate
    • ATC may assign additional restrictions
  • CVFPs may be found at
Charted Visual Flight Procedure (CVFP)
Figure 1: North Bay Visual Runway 17L


  • There is an operating control tower
  • The reported ceiling at the airport of intended landing is at least 500' above the Minimum Vectoring Altitude (MVA)/Minimum IFR Altitude (MIA), and the visibility is 3 miles or more, unless higher minimums are published
    • Federal Aviation Regulation Part 91.155/157, visibility is determined by the PIC
    • Published weather minimums are based on minimum vectoring altitudes rather than recommended altitudes depicted on charts
  • When using parallel or intersecting/converging runways, the criteria specified in JO 7110.65U (7-4-4), Approaches to Multiple Runways, are applied
  • An aircraft not following another aircraft on the approach reports sighting a charted visual landmark, or reports sighting a preceding aircraft landing on the same runway and has been instructed to follow that aircraft
    • If instructed to follow a preceding aircraft, pilots are responsible for maintaining a safe approach interval and wake turbulence separation
  • when landmarks used for navigation are not visible at night, the approach will be annotated "procedure not authorized at night"


  • ATC: "[Callsign], cleared [Approach] approach"
  • Pilots should advise ATC if at any point they are unable to continue an approach or lose sight of a preceding aircraft
    • Missed approaches will be handled as a go around
    • Have preplanned climb-out options based on aircraft performance and terrain features


  • To learn more about instrument procedures, be sure to check out the Instrument Procedures Handbook online or on paperback