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Intersection Takeoff

Introduction:

  • In order to enhance airport capacities, reduce taxiing distances, minimize departure delays, and provide for more efficient movement of air traffic, controllers may initiate intersection takeoffs as well as approve them when the pilot requests

Intersection Takeoffs:

  • An aircraft is expected to taxi to (but not onto) the end of the assigned runway unless prior approval for an intersection departure is received from ground control
  • If for ANY reason a pilot prefers to use a different intersection or the full length of the runway or desires to obtain the distance between the intersection and the runway end, THE PILOT IS EXPECTED TO INFORM ATC ACCORDINGLY
  • Pilots are expected to assess the suitability of an intersection for use at takeoff during their preflight planning
    • They must consider the resultant length reduction to the published runway length and to the published declared distances from the intersection intended to be used for takeoff
    • The minimum runway required for takeoff must fall within the reduced runway length and the reduced declared distances before the intersection can be accepted for takeoff
  • An aircraft is expected to taxi to (but not onto) the end of the assigned runway unless prior approval for an intersection departure is received from ground control
  • Pilots should state their position when calling tower for takeoff
    • Pilot: "[Location] Tower, [Callsign], at alpha 2, ready for departure [Runway]"
      • Example: "Cleveland Tower, Apache Three Seven Two Two Papa, at alpha 2, ready for departure runway two four"
  • Controllers are required to separate small aircraft (12,500 pounds or less, maximum certificated takeoff weight) departing (same or opposite direction) from an intersection behind a large non-heavy aircraft on the same runway, by ensuring that at least a 3-minute interval exists between the time the preceding large aircraft has taken off and the succeeding small aircraft begins takeoff roll
    • ATC: "Hold for wake turbulence"
  • Controllers are required to separate small aircraft that are departing from an intersection on the same runway (same or opposite direction) behind a large nonheavy aircraft (except B757), by ensuring that at least a 3−minute interval exists between the time the preceding large aircraft has taken off and the succeeding small aircraft begins takeoff roll
    • The 3−minute separation requirement will also be applied to small aircraft with a maximum certificated takeoff weight of 12,500 pounds or less departing behind a small aircraft with a maximum certificated takeoff weight of more than 12,500 pounds
    • To inform the pilot of the required 3−minute hold, the controller will state, "Hold for wake turbulence"
    • If after considering wake turbulence hazards, the pilot feels that a lesser time interval is appropriate, the pilot may request a waiver to the 3-minute interval
      • PILOT: "Request waiver to 3-minute interval"
  • g. The 3−minute interval is not required when the intersection is 500 feet or less from the departure point of the preceding aircraft and both aircraft are taking off in the same direction
    • Controllers may permit the small aircraft to alter course after takeoff to avoid the flight path of the preceding departure
  • h. A 4−minute interval is mandatory for small, large, and heavy aircraft behind a super aircraft
  • The 3−minute interval is mandatory behind a heavy aircraft in all cases, and for small aircraft behind a B757
  • NOTE: Controllers will issue the measured distance from the intersection to the runway end rounded “down” to the nearest 50 feet to any pilot who requests and to all military aircraft, unless use of the intersection is covered in appropriate directives. Controllers, however, will not be able to inform pilots of the distance from the intersection to the end of any of the published declared distances

Conclusion:


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