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Emergency Equipment

Introduction:

Emergency Equipment

  • Each item must be inspected in accordance with 91.409 to ensure its continued serviceability and immediate readiness for its intended purpose
  • Must be readily accessible to the crew
  • Must clearly indicate its method of operation
  • When carried in a compartment or container, must have that compartment or container marked as to its contents and last date of inspection
  • Hand fire extinguishers must be provided for use in crew, passenger, and cargo compartments in accordance with:
    • Type and quantity must be suitable for the kinds of fires that may occur
    • Must be properly secured so as not to interfere with safe operation of the aircraft but still identified and accessible
    • At least one extinguisher must be on or near the flight deck
    • At least one extinguisher must be located in the passenger compartment
      • 1 for every 6-30 passengers
      • 2 for 30+ passengers
  • First aid kids for treatment of injuries likely to occur in flight
  • Crash axe if more than 19 passengers
  • Each passenger-carrying airplane must have a portable battery-powered megaphone readily accessible to the crew to direct evacuation
    • 1 for airplanes with a seating capacity of 60-99 generally installed in the most rearward location
    • 2 for airplanes with a seating capacity of 100 or more, installed in the most forward and rearward location

Alaska State Statute 02.35.110. Emergency Rations and Equipment
Figure 1: Alaska State Statute 02.35.110. Emergency Rations and Equipment

Emergency Locator Transmitter:

  • Emit a distinctive audio tone on 121.5 MHz (VHF) and 243.0 MHz (UHF)
  • ELTs operate continuously for at least 48 hours over a wide range of temperatures
  • Battery must be replaced or recharged if the battery is rechargeable one-half of its useful life or if used for more than one cumulative hour
  • ELTs may be tested 5 min after the hour
  • Must be in accordance with FAR 91.207 / AIM 6-2-5
  • Find more on the emergency locator transmitter page

Personal Locator Beacon
Figure 2: Personal Locator Beacon

Factors to Consider:

  • Type of terrain or surface
  • Type of climate and temperature conditions expected
  • Type of emergency communications needed
  • Location in the airplane
  • How to operate or use

Basic Survival Gear:

  • First aid [Buy]
  • Flashlight [Buy]
  • Rescue Light [Buy]
  • Water
  • Knife/Leatherman [Buy]
  • Matches (waterproof) [Buy]
  • Life Vests [Buy]
  • Additional clothing
  • Glow stick
  • Sunburn cream
  • Bug repellent
  • Snake bite kit
  • Compass
  • Signal mirror
  • Whistle
  • Space blankets
  • Nylon chord
  • Hand-held radios
  • Batteries
    • Survival Equipment for over water operations (91.509)

Revere ComfortMax Life Vest & Adventure Medical Kits SOL Origin
Figure 3: Revere ComfortMax Life Vest &
Adventure Medical Kits SOL Origin

Things to Remember:

  • More than one emergency at once can and has happened
  • Filing a flight plan causes SAR after you have failed to arrive at your destination and no contact has been established
  • Be sure the ELT has activated as it may not active from the crash
  • Use parts from the aircraft for survival gear
  • Common sense, "You are the most important survival tool on board"
  • Extended over water operations (135.167)
  • Survival Equipment (AIM 6-2-7h)
  • Last but not least, be creative
    • You may not think you have much but you brought a ~2,000 pound suitcase
    • Use what you must, seats, fuel, compass, radio, your maps


Conclusion:

  • According to the National Search and Rescue Plan, "The life expectancy of an injured survivor decreases as much as 80% during the first 24 hours, while the chances of survival of uninjured survivors rapidly diminishes after the first 3 days"
  • An Air Force Review of 325 SAR missions conducted during a 23-month period revealed that "Time works against people who experience a distress but are not on a flight plan, since 36 hours normally pass before family concern initiates an (alert)"
  • Consider the type of flying you are doing and think about investing in a Aviation Crash Kit, just in case

References: