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Towing

Introduction:

  • Be it gliders or banners, pilots may be called upon to tow objects

Towing:

  • (a) No person may act as pilot in command for towing a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle unless that person:
    • Holds a private, commercial or airline transport pilot certificate with a category rating for powered aircraft;
    • Has logged at least 100 hours of pilot-in-command time in the aircraft category, class and type, if required, that the pilot is using to tow a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle;
    • Has a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies that the person has received ground and flight training in gliders or unpowered ultralight vehicles and is proficient in:
      • The techniques and procedures essential to the safe towing of gliders or unpowered ultralight vehicles, including airspeed limitations;
      • Emergency procedures;
      • Signals used; and
      • Maximum angles of bank
    • Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, has logged at least three flights as the sole manipulator of the controls of an aircraft while towing a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle, or has simulated towing flight procedures in an aircraft while accompanied by a pilot who meets the requirements of paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section
    • Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, has received a logbook endorsement from the pilot, described in paragraph (a)(4) of this section, certifying that the person has accomplished at least 3 flights in an aircraft while towing a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle, or while simulating towing flight procedures; and
    • Within 24 calendar months before the flight has:
      • Made at least three actual or simulated tows of a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle while accompanied by a qualified pilot who meets the requirements of this section; or
      • Made at least three flights as pilot in command of a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle towed by an aircraft
  • Any person who, before May 17, 1967, has made and logged 10 or more flights as pilot in command of an aircraft towing a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle in accordance with a certificate of waiver need not comply with paragraphs (a)(4) and (a)(5) of this section
  • The pilot, described in paragraph (a)(4) of this section, who endorses the logbook of a person seeking towing privileges must have:
    • Met the requirements of this section prior to endorsing the logbook of the person seeking towing privileges; and
    • Logged at least 10 flights as pilot in command of an aircraft while towing a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle
  • If the pilot described in paragraph (a)(4) of this section holds only a private pilot certificate, then that pilot must have:
    • Logged at least 100 hours of pilot-in-command time in airplanes, or 200 hours of pilot-in-command time in a combination of powered and other-than-powered aircraft; and
    • Performed and logged at least three flights within the 12 calendar months preceding the month that pilot accompanies or endorses the logbook of a person seeking towing privileges:
      • In an aircraft while towing a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle accompanied by another pilot who meets the requirements of this section; or
      • As pilot in command of a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle being towed by another aircraft

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