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Preflight Preparation
Lesson Plans

Pilot Qualifications:

  • Satisfy the requirements of Section I, Task A by determining that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with weather information for a flight under VFR

References:
14 CFR parts 61, 91; FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-23, FAA-H-8083-25
Knowledge:
The applicant demonstrates understanding of:
  • PA.I.A.K1:
Currency, regulatory compliance, privileges, and limitations
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.A.K2:
Location of airman documents and identification required when exercising private pilot privileges
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.A.K3:
  • PA.I.A.K4:
Pilot logbook/record keeping
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.A.K5:
Compensation
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.A.K6:
Towing
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.A.K7:
Category and class
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.A.K8:
Endorsements
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.A.K9:
Medical certificates: class, expiration, privileges, temporary disqualifications
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.A.K10:
Drugs, alcohol regulatory restrictions that affect the pilot’s ability to operate safely
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
Risk Management:
The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing:
  • PA.I.A.R1
Distinguishing proficiency versus currency
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.A.R2
Setting personal minimums
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.A.R3
Maintaining fitness to fly
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.A.R4
Flying unfamiliar aircraft
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.A.R5
Operating with unfamiliar flight display systems or unfamiliar avionics
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
Skills:
The applicant demonstrates the ability to apply requirements to:
  • PA.I.A.S1
Act as PIC under VFR in a scenario given by the evaluator
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan

Airworthiness Requirements:

  • Satisfy the requirements of Section I, Task B by determining that applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with airworthiness requirements, including aircraft certificates

Knowledge:
The applicant demonstrates understanding of:
  • PA.I.B.K1:
General airworthiness requirements and compliance for airplanes
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.B.K1a:
Certificate location and expiration dates
  • PA.I.B.K2:
Individuals who can perform maintenance on the aircraft, including A&P and IA roles in aircraft maintenance and inspections
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.B.K3:
Pilot-performed preventive maintenance
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.A.K4:
Equipment requirements for day and night flight for example: flying with inoperative equipment (approved Minimum Equipment List (MEL), Kinds of Operation Equipment List (KOEL), VFR and placards)
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.B.K5:
Proving airworthiness (specifics of the aircraft-compliance with Airworthiness Directives or applicability of Safety Bulletins)
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.B.K6:
Obtaining a special flight permit
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.A.K7:
Experimental aircraft airworthiness
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.A.K8:
Equipment malfunctions
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan

Weather Information:

  • Satisfy the requirements of Section I, Task C by determining that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with weather information for a flight under VFR

Knowledge:
The applicant demonstrates understanding of:
  • PA.I.C.K1:
Acceptable sources of weather data for flight planning purposes
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.C.K2:
Weather products required for preflight planning and en route operations
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.C.K3:
Current and forecast weather for departure, en route and arrival phases of flight
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.C.K4:
Meteorology applicable to the airport, local area, departure, en route, alternate, and destination of a VFR flight in Visual Meteorological Conditions (VMC) to include expected climate and hazardous conditions such as:
  • PA.I.C.K4a:
Atmospheric composition and stability
  • PA.I.C.K4b:
Wind (e.g. crosswind, tailwind, wind shear, etc.)
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.C.K4c:
Temperature
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.C.K4d:
Moisture/precipitation
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.C.K4e:
Weather system formation, including air masses and fronts
  • PA.I.C.K4f:
Clouds
  • PA.I.C.K4g:
Turbulence
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.C.K4i:
Icing and freezing level information
  • PA.I.C.K4k:
Frost
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.C.K4l:
METARs and TAFs
  • PA.I.C.K4m:
Weather Related Charts
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.C.K4n:
Weather advisories
  • PA.I.C.K4o:
PIREPs
  • PA.I.C.K5:
En route weather resources
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.C.K6:
Cockpit displays of digital weather and aeronautical information
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.C.K7:
Seasonal weather phenomena
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan

Cross-Country Flight Planning:

  • Satisfy the requirements of Section I, Task D by determining that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with cross-country flights and VFR flight planning

Knowledge:
The applicant demonstrates understanding of:
  • PA.I.D.K1:
Route planning, including consideration of special use airspace
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.D.K2:
Applying universal coordinated time (UTC) to flight planning
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.D.K3:
Converting and calculating time relative to time zones and estimated time of arrival
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.D.K4:
Calculating time, climb and descent rates, course, distance, heading, true airspeed and ground speed
  • PA.I.D.K5:
Fuel planning
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.D.K6:
Altitude selection accounting for terrain and obstacles, glide distance of the aircraft, VFR cruising altitude, and the effect of wind
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.D.K7:
Conditions conducive to icing
  • PA.I.D.K8:
Symbology found on VFR charts including airspace, obstructions and terrain features
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.D.K9:
Elements of a VFR flight plan
  • PA.I.D.K10:
Procedures for activating and closing a VFR flight plan in controlled and non-controlled airspace
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.D.K11:
Seasonal weather phenomena
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan

National Airspace System:

  • Satisfy the requirements of Section I, Task E by determining that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with the National Airspace System operating under VFR as a private pilot

Knowledge:
The applicant demonstrates understanding of:
  • PA.I.E.K1:
Types of airspace/airspace classes and basic VFR weather minimums
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.E.K2:
Charting symbology
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.E.K3:
Operating rules, pilot certification, and airplane equipment requirements for flying in different classes of airspace
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.E.K4:
Special use, special flight rules areas, and other airspace areas
  • PA.I.E.K5:
Temporary flight restrictions
  • PA.I.E.K6:
Aircraft speed limitations in various classes of airspace

Performance and Limitations:

  • Satisfy the requirements of Section I, Task F by determining that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with operating an aircraft safely within the parameters of its performance capabilities and limitations

Knowledge:
The applicant demonstrates understanding of:
  • PA.I.F.K1:
Elements related to performance and limitations (e.g. takeoff and landing, crosswind, tailwind and headwind, density altitude, glide performance, weight and balance, climb, cruise, descent, powerplant considerations) by explaining the use of charts, tables, and data to determine performance
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.F.K2:
Factors affecting performance to include atmospheric conditions, pilot technique, aircraft condition, and airport environment
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.F.K3:
The effects of loading on performance
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.F.K4:
The effects of exceeding weight and balance limits
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.F.K5:
The effects of weight and balance changes over the course of the flight
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.F.K6:
Aerodynamics
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan

Operation of Systems:

  • Satisfy the requirements of Section I, Task G by determining that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with the safe operation of systems on the airplane provided for the flight test

Knowledge:
The applicant demonstrates understanding of:
  • PA.I.G.K1:
Major components of the systems:
  • PA.I.G.K1a:
Primary flight controls and trim
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.G.K1b:
Flaps, leading edge devices, and spoilers as appropriate
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.G.K1c:
Powerplant and propeller (basic engine knowledge)
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.G.K1d:
Landing gear
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.G.K1e:
Fuel, oil, and hydraulic
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.G.K1f:
Electrical
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.G.K1g:
Avionics
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.G.K1h:
Pitot-static, vacuum/pressure and associated flight instruments
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.G.K1i:
Environmental
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.G.K1j:
Deicing and anti-icing
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.G.K1k:
Water rudders (ASES, AMES)
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.G.K2:
Normal operation of systems
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.G.K3:
Common errors made by pilots
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.G.K4:
Abnormal operation of systems (recognition of system failures/malfunctions)
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.G.K5:
Systems interaction and pilot monitoring of automated systems
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan

Human Factors:

  • Satisfy the requirements of Section I, Task H by determining that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with personal health, flight physiology, aeromedical and human factors, as it relates to safety of flight

Knowledge:
The applicant demonstrates understanding of:
  • PA.I.H.K1:
The symptoms, recognition, causes, effects, and corrective actions associated with aeromedical and physiological issues including:
  • PA.I.H.K1a:
  • PA.I.H.K1c:
Middle ear and sinus problems
  • PA.I.H.K1d:
Spatial Disorientation
  • PA.I.H.K1e:
Motion sickness
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.H.K1f:
Carbon Monoxide
  • PA.I.H.K1g:
Stress and fatigue
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.H.K1h:
Dehydration and nutrition
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.H.K1i:
Hypothermia
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.H.K1j:
Optical Illusions
  • PA.I.H.K2:
The effects of alcohol, drugs, and over-the-counter medications, and associated regulations
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan
  • PA.I.H.K3:
The effects of dissolved nitrogen in the bloodstream of a pilot or passenger in flight following scuba diving
  • PA.I.H.K4:
The effects of hazardous attitudes on aeronautical decision-making
  • PA.I.H.K5:
Collision avoidance, scanning, obstacle and wire strike avoidance
  • PA.I.H.K6:
The pilot/airplane interface to include: pilot monitoring duties and the interaction with charts and avionics equipment
  • Information
  • Lesson Plan

Water and Seaplane Characteristics, Seaplane Bases, Maritime Rules, and Aids to Marine Navigation (ASES, AMES):

  • Satisfy the requirements of Section I, Task I by determining that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with water and seaplane characteristics, seaplane bases, maritime rules, and aids to marine navigation

Principles of Flight – Engine Inoperative (AMEL, AMES):

  • Satisfy the requirements of Section I, Task J by determining that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with the elements related to engine inoperative principles of flight

References:

  • 14 CFR parts 39, 43, 91
  • FAA (FAA-H-8083-2) Risk Management Handbook
  • FAA (FAA-H-8083-25) Pilot Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge
  • Aeronautical Information Manual
  • Navigation Charts
  • U.S. Chart Supplements
  • Aeronautical Information Manual
  • Notice to Airman