Aircraft Operations


  • Aircraft operations guide the flow of traffic throughout the National Airspace System by the use of common procedures
  • Increased traffic congestion, aircraft in climb and descent attitudes, and pilot preoccupation with cockpit duties are some factors that increase the hazardous accident potential near the airport
  • The situation is further compounded when the weather is marginal, that is, just meeting VFR requirements
  • Pilots must be particularly alert when operating in the vicinity of an airport
  • This section defines some rules, practices, and procedures that pilots should be familiar with and adhere to for safe airport operations
  • Operations include:


  • Departure procedures facilitate the flow of traffic out of the terminal area
  • They may be simple such as departing in a direction on course to complex instrument procedures through the busiest airspace in the country



  • Transitioning from the enroute to the terminal environment often requires the use of standardized procedures to guide the flow of traffic
  • The FAA/DoD accomplish this task through Standard Terminal Arrivals (STARs)
ILS or LOC 22L

Approach & Landing:

Ground Operations:

Glider Flying Handbook

Terminal Area:


  • In general, night operations are procedurally the same as day operations but their conduct is not
  • Even for the most experienced pilot, night operations must be treated with vigilence


Amazon Quadcopter

Unmanned Aircraft Systems: