The reported ceiling at the airport of intended landing is at least 500' above the Minimum Vectoring Altitude (MVA)/Minimum IFR Altitude (MIA), and the visibility is 3 miles or more, unless higher minimums are published
Federal Aviation Regulation Part 91.155/157, visibility is determined by the PIC
Published weather minimums are based on minimum vectoring altitudes rather than recommended altitudes depicted on charts
An aircraft not following another aircraft on the approach reports sighting a charted visual landmark, or reports sighting a preceding aircraft landing on the same runway and has been instructed to follow that aircraft
If instructed to follow a preceding aircraft, pilots are responsible for maintaining a safe approach interval and wake turbulence separation
when landmarks used for navigation are not visible at night, the approach will be annotated "procedure not authorized at night"
ATC: "[Callsign], cleared [Approach] approach"
Pilots should advise ATC if at any point they are unable to continue an approach or lose sight of a preceding aircraft
Missed approaches will be handled as a go-around
Have preplanned climb-out options based on aircraft performance and terrain features
To learn more about instrument procedures, be sure to check out the Instrument Procedures Handbook online or on paperback