Overhead Approach Maneuver
- An overhead is not an Instrument Approach Procedure (IAP)
- An aircraft conducting an overhead is considered VFR and the IFR plan canceled when at the initial approach portion of the maneuver
- Aircraft operating to an airport without a functioning control tower must initiate cancellation of an IFR flight plan prior to executing the overhead maneuver
- Cancellation of the IFR flight plan must be accomplished after crossing the landing threshold on the initial portion of the maneuver of after landing
- Controllers may authorize an overhead maneuver and issue the following clearance:
- Pattern altitude and direction of traffic, if either are non-standard
- "Pattern altitude [Altitude]. Right turns"
- Request for a report on an initial
- "Report initial"
- "Break" information and request for a pilot to report the break
- The "Break Point" will be specified if nonstandard
- Pilots may be requested to report "break" if required for traffic or other reasons
- "Break at [Specified Point]"
- "Report break"
- Performed by adhering to the 1% rule:
- 350 KCAS = 3.5G
- 300 KCAS = 3.0G
- Vary AoB and G to arrive at the appropriate abeam distance
- Never descend in a break until wings level on downwind
- If the maneuver cannot be accommodated, the pilot must be available to fly the conventional rectangular pattern
- To learn more about instrument procedures, be sure to check out the Instrument Procedures Handbook online or on paperback