Instrument Rating
Lesson Plan


Instrument Rating Airman Certification Standards:

  1. Preflight Preparation:

  2. Preflight Procedures:

    • Task A. Aircraft Systems Related to IFR Operations
    • Task B. Aircraft Flight Instruments and Navigation Equipment
    • Task C. Instrument and Equipment Cockpit Check
  3. Air Traffic Control Clearances and Procedures:

    • Task A. Compliance with Air Traffic Control Clearances
    • Task B. Holding Procedures
  4. Flight by Reference to Instruments:

    • Task A. Instrument Flight
    • Task B. Recovery from Unusual Flight Attitudes
  5. Instrument Approach Procedures:

  6. Emergency Operations:

    • Task A. Loss of Communications
    • Task B. One engine inoperative during straight-and-level flight and turns (AMEL, AMES)
    • Task C. One Engine Inoperative – Instrument Approach (AMEL, AMES)
    • Task D. Approach with Loss of Primary Flight Instrument Indicators
  7. Postflight Procedures:

    • Task A. Checking Instruments and Equipment

Preflight Preparation:

  • Task A. Pilot Qualifications:

    To determine the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with the requirements to act as Pilot-in-Command (PIC) under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR)
    The applicant demonstrates understanding of:
    • IR.I.A.K1:
    When an instrument rating is required
    • IR.I.A.K2:
    Recent instrument flight experience requirements
    • IR.I.A.K3:
    When flights conducted under actual or simulated IMC can be logged for instrument currency
    • IR.I.A.K5:
    Physiological factors that might affect the pilot’s ability to fly under instrument conditions


  • To learn more about earning your instrument rating, visit the checkride page


  • FAA-S-ACS-8 (Change 1)
  • 14 CFR parts 61, 91
  • AC 00-6
  • AC 00-45
  • FAA (FAA-H-8083-2) Risk Management Handbook
  • FAA (FAA-H-8083-25) Pilot Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge
  • Aeronautical Information Manual