Holding Procedures
Lesson Plans



  • Research a mishap case study:
  • Discuss how the initial conditions developed into an incident/accident/mishap
  • Relate similar personal experience of the same type of incident/accident/mishap



Holding Procedures:
Review (quiz):
Case Studies:
Total Ground Time:

Required Materials:

  • Paper, Pen, Marker, Whiteboard

Instructor Actions:

  • Review Airman Certification Standards

Student Actions:

Instrument Rating - Holding Procedures Lesson Plan:

  • To determine the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with holding procedures solely by reference to instruments
  • References: 14 CFR parts 61, 91; FAA-H-8083-15, FAA-H-8083-16; AIM

Holding Procedures Knowledge:

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

Holding Procedures Risk Management:

The applicant is able to identify, assess, and mitigate risk associated with:
  • IR.III.B.R1:

    Recalculating fuel reserves if assigned an unanticipated EFC time
  • IR.III.B.R2:

    Scenarios and circumstances that could result in minimum fuel or the need to declare an emergency
  • IR.III.B.R3:

    Scenarios that could lead to holding, including deteriorating weather at the planned destination
  • IR.III.B.R4:

    Improper holding entry and improper wind correction while holding

Holding Procedures Skills:

The applicant exhibits the skill to:
  • IR.III.B.S1:

    Explain and use an entry procedure that ensures the airplane remains within the holding pattern airspace for a standard, nonstandard, published, or non-published holding pattern
  • IR.III.B.S2:

    Change to the holding airspeed appropriate for the altitude or airplane when 3 minutes or less from, but prior to arriving at, the holding fix and set appropriate power as needed for fuel conservation
  • IR.III.B.S3:

    Recognize arrival at the holding fix and promptly initiate entry into the holding pattern
  • IR.III.B.S4:

    Maintain airspeed ±10 knots, altitude ±100 feet, selected headings within ±10&Deg;, and track a selected course, radial, or bearing within ¾-scale deflection of the CDI
  • IR.III.B.S5:

    Use proper wind correction procedures to maintain the desired pattern and to arrive over the fix as close as possible to a specified time and maintain pattern leg lengths when specified
  • IR.III.B.S6:

    Use an MFD and other graphical navigation displays, if installed, to monitor position in relation to the desired flightpath during holding
  • IR.III.B.S7:

    Comply with ATC reporting requirements and restrictions associated with the holding pattern
  • IR.III.B.S8:

    Demonstrate SRM



  • Advise students that this lesson will be used as a starting point for the next lesson
  • Assign study materials for the next lesson