Missed Approaches Lesson Plan



  • Research a mishap case study:
  • Discuss how the initial conditions developed into an incident/accident/mishap
  • Relate similar personal experience of the same type of incident/accident/mishap



Missed Approaches:
Review (quiz):
Case Studies:
Total Ground Time:

Required Materials:

  • Paper, Pen, Marker, Whiteboard

Instructor Actions:

  • Review Airman Certification Standards

Student Actions:

Instrument Rating - Missed Approach Lesson Plan:

  • To determine the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with performing a missed approach procedure solely by reference to instruments
  • References: 14 CFR parts 61, 91; FAA-H-8083-15; IFP; AIM

Missed Approach Knowledge:

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

Missed Approach Risk Management:

The applicant is able to identify, assess, and mitigate risk associated with:
  • IR.VI.C.R1:

    Failure to follow prescribed procedures
  • IR.VI.C.R2:

    Holding, diverting, or electing to fly the approach again
  • IR.VI.C.R3:

    Failure to ensure proper airplane configuration during an approach and missed approach
  • IR.VI.C.R4:

    Factors that might lead to executing a missed approach procedure before the missed
  • IR.VI.C.R5:

    Failure to manage automated navigation and autoflight systems

Missed Approach Skills:

The applicant exhibits the skill to:
  • IR.VI.C.S1:

    Promptly initiate the missed approach procedure and report it to ATC
  • IR.VI.C.S2:

    Apply the appropriate power setting for the flight condition and establish a pitch attitude necessary to obtain the desired performance
  • IR.VI.C.S3:

    Configure the airplane in accordance with airplane manufacturer’s instructions, establish a positive rate of climb, and accelerate to the appropriate airspeed, ±10 knots
  • IR.VI.C.S4:

    Follow the recommended checklist items appropriate to the missed approach/go-around procedure
  • IR.VI.C.S5:

    Comply with the published or alternate missed approach procedure
  • IR.VI.C.S6:

    Advise ATC or the evaluator if unable to comply with a clearance, restriction, or climb gradient
  • IR.VI.C.S7:

    Maintain the heading, course, or bearing ±10°; and altitude(s) ±100 feet during the missed approach procedure
  • IR.VI.C.S8:

    Use an MFD and other graphical navigation displays, if installed, to monitor position and track to help navigate the missed approach
  • IR.VI.C.S9:

    Demonstrate SRM or CRM, as appropriate
  • IR.VI.C.S10:

    Request ATC clearance to attempt another approach, proceed to the alternate airport, holding fix, or other clearance limit, as appropriate, or as directed by the evaluator



  • Advise students that this lesson will be used as a starting point for the next lesson
  • Assign study materials for the next lesson