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Parachutes & Parachuting

Introduction:

  • No pilot of a civil aircraft may allow a parachute that is available for emergency use to be carried in that aircraft unless it is an approved type, and:
    • If a chair type (canopy back), it has been packed by a certificated and appropriately rated parachute rigger within the preceding 120 days or
    • If any other type, it has been packed by a certificated and appropriately rated parachute rigger
      • Within the preceding 120 days, if its canopy shrouds, and harness are composed exclusively of nylon, rayon, or other similar synthetic fiber or materials that are substantially resistant to damage from mold, mildew, or other fungi and other rotting agents propagated in a moist environment or;
      • Within the preceding 60 days, if any part of the parachute is composed of silk, pongee, or other natural fiber, or materials not specified in paragraph (a)(2)(i) of this section
  • For the purposes of this section, approved parachute means:
    • A parachute manufactured under a type certificate or a technical standard order (C-23 series); or
    • A personnel-carrying military parachute identified by an NAF, AAF, or AN drawing number, an AAF order number, or any other military designation or specification number
  • Except in an emergency, no pilot in command may allow, and no person may conduct, a parachute operation from an aircraft within the United States except in accordance with part 105 of the FARs which details information that must be provided to the FAA and delineates strict communication requirements that must be complied with prior to and during parachute operations
  • Unless each occupant of the aircraft is wearing an approved parachute, no pilot of a civil aircraft carrying any person (other than a crew-member) may execute any intentional maneuver that exceeds:
    • A bank of 60° AoB relative to the horizon; or
    • A nose-up or nose-down attitude of 30° relative to the horizon
  • The above does not apply to:
    • Flight tests for pilot certification or rating; or
    • Spins and other flight maneuvers required by the regulations for any certificated or rating when given by:
      • A certificated flight instructor; or
      • An airline transport pilot instructing in accordance with 61.67 of this chapter
Sky Sailing, Parachutes
Figure 1: Sky Sailing, Parachutes
WARNING:
An increased risk of severe injury or death during parachute landing fall exists with surface winds exceeding 25 knots. High surface winds contribute to total landing velocity. Commanding officers shall ensure that flight operations in these conditions should only be conducted as operational necessity dictates [Figure 2]

Occurrence of Major Injury Resulting from Parachute Landing in High Winds
Figure 2: Occurrence of Major Injury Resulting from Parachute Landing in High Winds

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