Engine Failure After Liftoff (Simulated) (AMEL, AMES)
Lesson Plan

Introduction:

  • To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with an engine failure after liftoff
  • Note: See Appendix 6: Safety of Flight and Appendix 7: Aircraft, Equipment, and Operational Requirements & Limitations
  • References: FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-3; FAA-P-8740-66; POH/AFM

Attention:

  • Research a mishap case study:
    • Case studies
  • Discuss how the initial conditions developed into an incident/accident/mishap
  • Relate similar personal experience of the same type of incident/accident/mishap

Motivator:

Overview:

Topic:
Time:
Introduction:
0:05
Engine Failure After Liftoff (Simulated) (AMEL, AMES):
0:15
Review (quiz):
0:05
Case Studies:
0:05
Total Ground Time:
0:30

Required Materials:

  • Paper, Pen, Marker, Whiteboard

Instructor Actions:

Student Actions:

Private Pilot - Engine Failure After Liftoff (Simulated) (AMEL, AMES) Airman Certification Standards:

  • To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with an engine failure after liftoff
  • Note: See Appendix 6: Safety of Flight and Appendix 7: Aircraft, Equipment, and Operational Requirements & Limitations
  • References: FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-3; FAA-P-8740-66; POH/AFM

Engine Failure After Liftoff (Simulated) (AMEL, AMES) Knowledge:

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:
  • PA.IX.F.K1:

    Factors affecting VMC
  • PA.IX.F.K2:

    VMC (red line) and VYSE (blue line), and VSSE (safe single-engine speed)
  • PA.IX.F.K3:

    Accelerate/stop and accelerate/go distances
  • PA.IX.F.K4:

    How to identify, verify, feather, and secure an inoperative engine
  • PA.IX.F.K5:

    Importance of drag reduction, to include propeller feathering, gear and flap retraction, the manufacturer’s recommended control input and its relation to zero sideslip
  • PA.IX.F.K6:

    Simulated propeller feathering and the evaluator’s zero-thrust procedures and responsibilities

Engine Failure After Liftoff (Simulated) (AMEL, AMES) Risk Management:

The applicant is able to identify, assess, and mitigate risk associated with:
  • PA.IX.F.R1:

    Failure to plan for engine failure after liftoff
  • PA.IX.F.R2:

    Collision hazards, to include aircraft, terrain, obstacles, and wires
  • PA.IX.F.R3:

    Improper airplane configuration
  • PA.IX.F.R4:

    Low altitude maneuvering, including stall, spin, or controlled flight into terrain (CFIT)
  • PA.IX.F.R5:

    Distractions, task prioritization, loss of situational awareness, or disorientation

Engine Failure After Liftoff (Simulated) (AMEL, AMES) Skills:

The applicant exhibits the skill to:
  • PA.IX.F.S1: Promptly recognize an engine failure, maintain control, and utilize appropriate emergency procedures

  • PA.IX.F.S2: Establish VYSE; if obstructions are present, establish VXSE or VMC +5 knots, whichever is greater, until obstructions are cleared. Then transition to VYSE

  • PA.IX.F.S3: Reduce drag by retracting landing gear and flaps in accordance with the manufacturer’s guidance

  • PA.IX.F.S4: Simulate feathering the propeller on the inoperative engine (evaluator should then establish zero thrust on the inoperative engine)

  • PA.IX.F.S6: Monitor the operating engine and make adjustments as necessary

  • PA.IX.F.S7: Recognize the airplane’s performance capabilities. If a climb is not possible at VYSE, maintain VYSE and return to the departure airport for landing, or initiate an approach to the most suitable landing area available

  • PA.IX.F.S8: Simulate securing the inoperative engine

  • PA.IX.F.S9: Maintain heading ±10° and airspeed ±5 knots

  • PA.IX.F.S10: Complete the appropriate checklist

Re-Motivation:

Closure:

  • Advise students that this lesson will be used as a starting point for the next lesson
  • Assign study materials for the next lesson