Weather Information
Lesson Plan


  • Research a case study
  • Discuss how the initial conditions developed into an incident/accident/mishap
  • Relate similar personal experience of the same type of incident/accident/mishap



Causes, symptoms, and treatment:
Review (quiz):
Case Studies:
Total Ground Time:

Required Materials:

  • Paper, Pen, Marker, Whiteboard

Instructor Actions:

  • Review Airman Certification Standards

Student Actions:

  • Complete assigned reading (see content above)
  • Ask pertinent questions
  • Make a go/no-go decision, as appropriate

Private Pilot - Water and Seaplane Characteristics, Seaplane Bases, Maritime Rules, and Aids to Marine Navigation (ASES, AMES):

  • To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with water and seaplane characteristics, seaplane bases, maritime rules, and aids to marine navigation
  • References: FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-23; AIM; USCG Navigation Rules, International-Inland; POH/AFM; Chart Supplements

Water and Seaplane Knowledge:

The applicant must demonstrate an understanding of:
  • PA.I.I.K1:

    The characteristics of a water surface as affected by features, such as:
    • PA.I.I.K1a:
      Size and location
    • PA.I.I.K1b:
      Protected and unprotected areas
    • PA.I.I.K1c:
      Surface wind
    • PA.I.I.K1d:
      Direction and strength of water current
    • PA.I.I.K1e:
      Floating and partially submerged debris
    • PA.I.I.K1f:
      Sandbars, islands, and shoals
    • PA.I.I.K1g:
      Vessel traffic and wakes
    • PA.I.I.K1h:
      Other characteristics specific to the area
  • PA.I.I.K2:

    Float and hull construction, and its effect on seaplane performance
  • PA.I.I.K3:

    Causes of porpoising and skipping, and the pilot action needed to prevent or correct these occurrences
  • PA.I.I.K4:

    How to locate and identify seaplane bases on charts or in directories
  • PA.I.I.K5:

    Operating restrictions at various bases
  • PA.I.I.K6:

    Right-of-way, steering, and sailing rules pertinent to seaplane operation
  • PA.I.I.K7:

    Marine navigation aids, such as buoys, beacons, lights, sound signals, and range markers

Water and Seaplane Risk Management:

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks encompassing:
  • PA.I.I.R1:

    Local conditions
  • PA.I.I.R2:

    Impact of marine traffic

Water and Seaplane Skills:

The applicant demonstrates the ability to:
  • PA.I.I.S1:

    Assess the water surface characteristics for the proposed flight
  • PA.I.I.S2:

    Identify restrictions at local seaplane bases
  • PA.I.I.S3:

    Identify marine navigation aids
  • PA.I.I.S4:

    Perform correct right-of-way, steering, and sailing operations



  • Advise students that this lesson will be used as a starting point for the next lesson
  • Assign study materials for the next lesson