Forward-Slips to Landing
Lesson Plan


  • To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with a forward-slip to a landing
  • References: FAA-S-ACS-6, FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-3; POH/AFM; AIM


  • Research a mishap case study:
  • Discuss how the initial conditions developed into an incident/accident/mishap
  • Relate similar personal experience of the same type of incident/accident/mishap


  • A slip is a cross-control procedure where you are using "wing-low, top-rudder" to track the aircraft straight for altitude loss (forward-slip) or crosswind compensation (side-slip)
    • In doing this, you will need to lower the nose as the increase in drag without an increase in thrust will cause a rapid loss of airspeed, risking a stall
    • Simply stated, the higher the angle of bank, the lower the nose must be


Forward-Slips to Landing:
Review (quiz):
Case Studies:
Total Ground Time:

Required Materials:

  • Paper, Pen, Marker, Whiteboard

Instructor Actions:

Student Actions:

  • Complete assigned reading (see content above)
  • Ask pertinent questions
  • Make a go/no-go decision, as appropriate

Completion Standards:

  • Forward-Slips to Landing (ASEL, ASES) Airman Certification Standards:

    • To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with a forward slip to a landing
    • References: FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-3; POH/AFM; AIM

    Forward Slip to a Landing Knowledge:

    The applicant must demonstrate an understanding of:
    • PA.IV.M.K1:
      Concepts of energy management during a forward slip approach
    • PA.IV.M.K2:
      Effects of atmospheric conditions, including wind, on approach and landing performance
    • PA.IV.M.K3:
      Wind correction techniques during forward slip
    • PA.IV.M.K4:
      When and why a forward slip approach is used during an approach

    Forward Slip to a Landing Risk Management:

    The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess, and mitigate risks, encompassing:

    Forward Slip to a Landing Skills:

    The applicant demonstrates the ability to:
    • PA.IV.M.S1:

      Complete the appropriate checklist
    • PA.IV.M.S2:

      Make radio calls as appropriate
    • PA.IV.M.S3:

      Plan and follow a flightpath to the selected landing area considering altitude, wind, terrain, and obstructions
    • PA.IV.M.S4:

      Select the most suitable touchdown point based on wind, landing surface, obstructions, and airplane limitations
    • PA.IV.M.S5:

      Position airplane on downwind leg, parallel to landing runway
    • PA.IV.M.S6:

      Configure the airplane correctly.
    • PA.IV.M.S7:

      As necessary, correlate crosswind with direction of forward slip and transition to sideslip before touchdown
    • PA.IV.M.S8:

      Touch down at a proper pitch attitude, within 400 feet beyond or on the specified point, with no side drift, and with the airplane’s longitudinal axis aligned with and over the runway center/landing path
    • PA.IV.M.S9:

      Maintain a ground track aligned with the runway center/landing path



  • Advise students that this lesson will be used as a starting point for the next lesson
  • Assign study materials for the next lesson