Taxiing and Sailing Lesson Plan


  • To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with the before takeoff check
  • References: FAA-S-ACS-6, FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-3, FAA-H-8083-23; POH/AFM


  • Research a case study
  • Discuss how the initial conditions developed into an incident/accident/mishap
  • Relate similar personal experience of the same type of incident/accident/mishap


  • Traffic Pattern procedures develop the ability to stay safely and efficiently arrive at an uncontrolled airport, or after arrival, utilize the traffic pattern
  • The traffic pattern is comprised of several components which standardized flow of aircraft, at a specific altitude within the terminal area
  • This standard flow allows for predictability in an otherwise extremely dangerous environment
  • The traffic pattern is the ultimate goal which began with the rectangular course with many hazards


Review (quiz):
Case Studies:
Total Ground Time:

Required Materials:

  • Paper, Pen, Marker, Whiteboard

Instructor Actions:

Student Actions:

  • Complete assigned reading (see content above)
  • Ask pertinent questions
  • Make a go/no-go decision, as appropriate

Private Pilot - Traffic Patterns Airman Certification Standards:

  • To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with traffic patterns
  • References: 14 CFR part 91; FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-25; AIM

Traffic Patterns Knowledge:

The applicant must demonstrate an understanding of:

Traffic Patterns Risk Management:

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess, and mitigate risks, encompassing:

Traffic Patterns Skills:

The applicant demonstrates the ability to:
  • PA.III.B.S1:

    Identify and interpret airport/seaplane base runways, taxiways, markings, signs, and lighting
  • PA.III.B.S2:

    Comply with recommended traffic pattern procedures
  • PA.III.B.S3:

    Correct for wind drift to maintain the proper ground track
  • PA.III.B.S4:

    Maintain orientation with the runway/landing area in use
  • PA.III.B.S5:

    Maintain traffic pattern altitude, ±100 feet, and the appropriate airspeed, ±10 knots
  • PA.III.B.S6:

    Maintain situational awareness and proper spacing from other aircraft in the traffic pattern



  • Advise students that this lesson will be used as a starting point for the next lesson
  • Assign study materials for the next lesson