Crosswind Approach and Landing
Lesson Plan

Introduction:

  • Objective: To determine the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with normal approach and landing with emphasis on proper use and coordination of flight controls
  • Note: If a crosswind condition does not exist, the applicant’s knowledge of crosswind elements must be evaluated through oral testing
  • References: AIM; FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-3, FAA-H-8083-23, FAA-H-8083-25; POH/AFM
  • Note, there is no callout to crosswind approach and landing in the airman certification standards
    • Instead, it is a normal approach and landing with the introduction of crosswind applications

Attention:

  • Research a mishap case study:
  • Discuss how the initial conditions developed into an incident/accident/mishap
  • Relate similar personal experience of the same type of incident/accident/mishap

Motivator:

  • Crosswind approaches and landings are extentions of normal procedures/maneuvers [Figure 1]
  • The purpose of this maneuver is to safely execute a approach and landing under crosswind conditions (i.e., hard surface, minimal wind, plenty of available landing distance)
  • Crosswind approaches and landings are closely related to the performance of flight at minimum controllable airspeeds

Overview:

Topic:
Time:
Introduction:
0:05
Crosswind Approach and Landing:
0:15
Review (quiz):
0:05
Case Studies:
0:05
Total Ground Time:
0:30

Required Materials:

  • Paper, Pen, Marker, Whiteboard

Instructor Actions:

Student Actions:

Crosswind Approach and Landing Airman Certification Standards:

  • Note, there is no callout to crosswind approach and landing in the airman certification standards
    • Instead, it is a crosswind approach and landing with the introduction of crosswind applications
  • Objective: To determine the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with normal approach and landing with emphasis on proper use and coordination of flight controls
  • Note: If a crosswind condition does not exist, the applicant’s knowledge of crosswind elements must be evaluated through oral testing
  • References: AIM; FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-3, FAA-H-8083-23, FAA-H-8083-25; POH/AFM

Crosswind Approach and Landing Knowledge:

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

Crosswind Approach and Landing Risk Management:

The applicant is able to identify, assess, and mitigate risk associated with:

Crosswind Approach and Landing Skills:

The applicant exhibits the skill to:
  • PA.IV.B.S1:
    Complete the appropriate checklist(s)
  • PA.IV.B.S2:
    Make radio calls as appropriate
  • PA.IV.B.S3:
    Ensure the airplane is aligned with the correct/assigned runway or landing surface
  • PA.IV.B.S4:
    Scan the runway or landing surface and the adjoining area for traffic and obstructions
  • PA.IV.B.S5:
    Select and aim for a suitable touchdown point considering the wind, landing surface, and obstructions
  • PA.IV.B.S7:
    Maintain manufacturer’s published approach airspeed or in its absence not more than 1.3 times the stalling speed or the minimum steady flight speed in the landing configuration (VSO), +10/-5 knots with gust factor applied
  • PA.IV.B.S8:
    Maintain directional control and appropriate crosswind correction throughout the approach and landing
  • PA.IV.B.S9:
    Make smooth, timely, and correct control application during round out and touchdown
  • PA.IV.B.S10:
    Touch down at a proper pitch attitude, within 400 feet beyond or on the specified point, with no side drift, and with the airplane’s longitudinal axis aligned with and over the runway center/landing path
  • PA.IV.B.S11:
    Execute a timely go-around if the approach cannot be made within the tolerances specified above or for any other condition that may result in an unsafe approach or landing
  • PA.IV.B.S12:
    Utilize runway incursion avoidance procedures

Re-Motivation:

Closure:

  • Advise students that this lesson will be used as a starting point for the next lesson
  • Assign study materials for the next lesson